Scope of the national firearms regulations
The emergence of firearms control regulations is linked to the attempts of modern states to establish a monopoly over the use of force. The development of the firearms legal frameworks was gradual and, in some cases, strongly influenced by historic circumstances and reflects the perception of threats to the society and to the individual. Sometimes occasional events such as mass shootings can further influence the development of restrictive policies.
Case example: German firearms regulations
German legal tradition does not foresee bearing arms as a constitutional right. The evolution of the national firearms regulations is closely linked to the historical developments in the country and started with the introduction of a licensing system for firearms ownership through the Firearms and Ammunition Act of 1928. This step was triggered by the existing widespread possession of firearms in private hands as a result of the First World War (Oswald, 1986). The Hitler regime enacted several restrictive regulations with the goal to remove firearms concentrated in the hands of their political opponents, followed by a more lenient Firearms Act in 1938 (Oswald, 1986).
Case example: United Kingdom firearms regulations
In the United Kingdom, two firearms related incidents had an important impact on national firearms legislation. In 1987, Michael Ryan used rifles that he lawfully owned to shoot and kill sixteen people. In 1996, sixteen children at an elementary school in Dunblane, Scotland, were killed by Thomas Hamilton, also with his lawfully held firearms. In the first instance, a ban was introduced through an amendment of the Firearms Act prohibiting the ownership of high-powered rifles, whereas after the Dunblane shooting an amendment to the same act was adopted, which severely restricted the private ownership of firearms (Barnett, 2017).
Case example: New Zealand firearms regulations
In 2019, New Zealand witnessed the deadliest shooting in the country’s modern history after 50 people were killed and 20 more seriously injured at two mosques in the city of Christchurch. The attacker had streamed live the shootings before they were removed from social media sites. Six days after the attacks New Zealand introduced sweeping firearms law changes by banning the sale of assault rifles and military-style semi-automatics (MSSA), banning parts that can be used to convert firearms into MSSA weapons, and by introducing a buy-back scheme for MSSA weapons across the country.
General Requirements for Firearms Registration
I. Firearms Eligible for Registration
In general, rifles, shotguns, revolvers, and handguns may be registered in the District of Columbia. Please note that it is illegal to possess a magazine that holds more than ten rounds of ammunition in the District of Columbia. Per D.C. Official Code § 7-2502.02, registration of the following firearms is prohibited:
- Sawed-off shotguns;
- Machine guns;
- Short-barreled rifles;
- An unsafe handgun prohibited under D.C. Official Code § 7-2505.04;
- An assault weapon; or
- A .50 BMG rifle.
For definitions of and more information about these prohibitions, please see the MPD publication, “Firearms Eligible for Registration,” which is available at MPD or at mpdc.dc.gov/firearms.
II. Registrant Eligibility
Registration eligibility is summarized below. For complete details, please refer to D.C. Official Code § 7-2502.03. To obtain a registration certificate, an applicant or registrant must:
- Be 21 years of age or older. (Applicants between the age of 18 and 21 may qualify to register a long gun if they have a notarized statement from their parent or guardian stating that the parent or guardian assumes civil liability for all damages resulting from the applicant’s use of the firearm. This special registration, however, will expire on the applicant’s 21st birthday.)
- Not stand convicted of certain weapons offenses, or a felony in this or any other jurisdiction (which includes all crimes punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year).
- Not be under indictment for a crime of violence or a weapons offense.
scope of the national firearms regulations near Los Angeles, CA
- Within the previous five years:
- Not stand convicted: (1) of a narcotics or dangerous drug offense; (2) under D.C. Official Code § 22-404 (assaults and threats) or § 22-407 (threats to do bodily harm), or a violation of a similar statute in another jurisdiction; (3) of two or more violations of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs; (4) of an intrafamily offense punishable as a misdemeanor; (5) of a misdemeanor involving certain firearms violations. (6) Stalking; or (7) violation of an Extreme Risk Protection Order.
- Not have been acquitted of any criminal charge by reason of insanity or adjudicated a chronic alcoholic by any court.
- Not have been voluntarily or involuntarily committed to any mental hospital or institution.
- Not have a history of violent behavior.
- Not have been the respondent in an intrafamily proceeding in which a civil protection order or a foreign protection order was issued against the applicant.
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- Not appear to suffer from a physical defect which would make it unsafe to possess and use a firearm safely and responsibly.
- Not have been found negligent in any firearm mishap causing death or injury to another human being.
- Not otherwise be ineligible to possess a firearm under D.C. Official Code § 22-4503.
- Today, firearms are regulated at national level through constitutions and primary legislation, i.e. legal acts passed by a legislative institution such as a parliament, national assembly or a congress, as well as through secondary legislation. Secondary legislation, also referred to as subsidiary legislation, takes the form of regulations, orders, rules, instructions, bylaws, guidelines, etc., which are adopted by the executive branch of the government and provide details on how to implement the primary legislation.The scope of the national regulations encompasses the life cycle of firearms, and regulates the activities associated with their
what does the national firearms act do
- manufacture, marking, possession, use, transfer, storage, destruction and in some cases, deactivation and re-activation regardless of whether or not the country is party to a global or regional instrument on firearms control. Within the scope also fall the provisions for establishing authorities responsible for its implementation, such as various licencing authorities which will control the processes of manufacture, possession or transfer of firearms, as well as provisions regulating the activities of specific actors, including private security companies and brokers. The scope includes sanctions for not adhering to the established rules, time limits for exercising the authorized activities, and requirements for implementing specific security measures to prevent theft and
- scope of the national firearms regulations near Los Angeles, CA diversion of firearms.The scope of national legislation does not necessarily overlap with the scope of the relevant international instruments. Most often domestic laws have a larger scope of application as they often refer to a broader range of arms, including explosives, which are not covered in the international instruments on arms control, and regulate specific requirements in a more detailed manner.