CZ 75 B is a semi-automatic pistol made by Czech firearm manufacturer ČZUB. First introduced in 1975, it is one of the original “wonder nines” and features a staggered-column magazine,
all-steel construction, and a hammer forged barrel. It is widely distributed throughout the world and is the most common handgun in the Czech Republic
Designed in 1975, the CZ 75 is the flagship model of the CZ handgun line with over one million produced
An entire family of pistols is available based on the basic CZ 75 design: compacts, decockers, single action only, ambidextrous, alloy frames as well as competition pistols.
The 75 B features a steel frame, a black polycoat finish, 3 dot sights, 16+1 9mm capacity and, of course, the ergonomics and DA/SA action that have made it the most copied handgun design second only to the 1911. The ‘B’ designation is an indicator that the model is equipped with a firing pin block safety.
CZ 75 B is used by more governments, militaries, police and security agencies than any other pistol in the world. The CZ 75 is quite possibly the perfect pistol.
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The CZ 75 is a short recoil operated, locked breech pistol. It uses the Browning linkless cam locking system similar to that used in the Browning Hi-Power pistol,
where the barrel and slide are locked together on firing, using locking lugs milled into the barrel mating with recesses in the roof of the slide.
An enclosed cam track integral with the barrel is actuated by the slide release lever’s transverse pin. After the first few millimetres of the recoil stroke, the barrel is cammed downwards at the rear, enabling the slide to continue the recoil stroke and eject the spent cartridge.
The CZ 75 was one of the first Wonder Nine handguns; most models have double-action/single action triggers and feature a frame-mounted manual safety.
This allows the CZ 75 to be carried with the hammer cocked with safety applied and a round chambered, ready for use simply by switching the safety off, a configuration known as condition 1.
The hammer must be dropped manually by pulling the trigger while lowering the hammer with the firer’s thumb under control to uncock the hammer for a double-action first shot. Once lowered in this manner, a double-action first shot can be achieved in a similar manner to other double-action pistols without actuating any controls.
|Place of origin||Czechoslovak Socialist Republic|
Subsequent shots will be single-action unless the hammer is again manually lowered. Some recent models have a decocking lever that doubles as a manual safety.
Unlike most other semi-auto pistols, the CZ 75’s slide rides inside its frame rails rather than outside, similar to the SIG P210. The original models produced from 1975 to 1980 featured a distinctively shorter,
115mm long slide rails. The frames on these first model or “short rail” pistols were forged. Starting in 1980,
CZUB modified the design by lengthening the slide rails to 140mm, transitioned to lower cost cast frames, and introduced a “half-cock” safety notch on the hammer to prevent it from inadvertently striking the firing pin during manual manipulation.
These changes resulted in the basic mold of all subsequent CZ 75 models.
Starting in the mid-1990s, the CZ 75 was updated to the B model, chiefly with the addition of a firing pin block. Almost all CZ 75 models produced after this time, excepting some competition models, employ this safety feature.